Research/Areas of Interest:

Our research interests revolve around obtaining a better understanding of the interaction of retroviruses with their host cells and organisms. We use simple retroviruses (avian and murine viruses) to elucidate the nature of the retrovirus-receptor interaction; the mechanism and specificity of integration of viral DNA into host DNA; control of viral gene expression; mechanism of retroviral genetic variation; and evolution of the host-virus relationship, as revealed by the fossil record provided by endogenous proviruses found in the normal DNA of all vertebrates and many other species.


  • B.A., Wesleyan University, Middletown, United States, 1967
  • Doctor of Philosophy, University Of Wisconsin, USA, 1972